Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, the Commander-in-chief of Myanmar Military (Tatmadaw) is the lastest in line committing the institutionalised oppression against Rohingya in Rakhine State, Myanmar. He has undertaken one of the largest humanitarian crises, which according to the U.N. International Independent Fact-Finding Mission has “genocidal intent” for driving out over 7000,000 Rohingya from their homes and commanding rape, mass-killing, arson attack, destruction of villages, religious buildings and livelihood. The International Criminal Court ruled that it has “jurisdiction to probe the forced expulsion of Rohingya as a possible crime against humanity.”
They had a world where they woke up in the sunshine.
They had a path on which they walked with pride and freedom in combine.
They had a family that loved, laughed and played together.
They had a home where they slept in peace and all-loving-weather.
They had a future which laid their children’s foundation like a hope-breather.
“Ireland, we are seeing a sign of relief, a sign of belief and a light of hope which is being torched by the descendants of one of the greatest tragedies in the human history – the Great Famine of Ireland, An Gorta Mór.”
As natural and healthcare disasters looming over more than a million Rohingya refugees confined in squalid Bangladesh refugee camps after fleeing the recent campaigns of genocide in their native Burma, Rohingya lose hopes of voluntarily returning to their places of origin as the world is failing all over again and the genocidal Burma is taking steps and consolidating polices and laws of discrimination and persecution which will permanently undermine the existence of Rohingya as a distinct ethnic, cultural and religious group. Read More
As the world celebrates “The International Women’s Day” on March 8, more than 357,000 Rohingya women and girls are among nearly a million of Rohingya population which is forced to flee their place of origin, suffering harrowing crimes of genocide – murder, rape, sexual violence, throwing into fire, arson, killing of beloved ones, destruction of home and properties, denial of basic human rights and denial of the atrocities being committed by Myanmar Armed Forces in coordination with Buddhist vigilantes. Read More
“Like when there’s no life, there’s no value in a person. A country’s life is in its constitution. When there’s no constitution, the country is dead and useless.
“Let’s imagine. At the time of Independence in 1948, our country had life, soul and constitution. 13 years later on March 2, 1962, the military forcibly removed the constitution – the country’s soul and heart from its body. Then, the dictator regime rule [the country].
S”ince that day, slowly and slowly, we reached the bottom of poverty. To what stage we have reached is that we hit the final bottom 10 of 211 countries of the world. We are on the 7th [poorest country].” U KO NIRead More
When the members of Rohingya community visited the Mansion House in the heart of city on September 19, the Lord Mayor of Dublin showed the plate hung in the house. It strikes us deep in our heart with the extreme example of solidarity, generosity, kindness and compassion that the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma showed towards the victims of “An Gorta Mor” – Irish Great Famine of 1847 by donating 710 Dollars, despite enduring the Trail of Tears after the series of forced removal from their ancestral homes.
Ireland has since become a nation which respects and stands for human rights, and becomes an exemplary champion of human rights.
Now is the time for this great city to forge another unbreakable bond with another persecuted people who face the mirror-image of “Trail of Tears”, and it is time to show the world that this historical city still carries the honour, the freedom and the hope which is instilled for the deprived groups of people like the Rohingyas…..
As evidence mounts to genocidal acts against Rohingya, Myanmar Military plays with unverified and unidentified dead-bodies uncovered in Kha Maung Seik [Fakirabazar], Maungdaw.
Quickly points finger to Rohingya insurgents while denying and blocking independent investigations.
The military and the NLD government independently claimed that the victims are ‘Hindu’, and exploit Hindu villagers to spread propaganda and divert attention from the military’s genocidal crimes. Read More
The widely anticipated Aung San Suu Kyi’s speech is a typical example of denial and lie when her National League for Democracy (NLD) government is in direct complicit with Myanmar armed forces in the campaign of genocide against Rohingya. Read More
Sein Win: With your command, we continue using scorched earth tactics in Northern Rakhine towards the border. The army is destroying everything on its way including children and women, and also advanced to south of Maungdaw.
Min Aung Hlaing:Do it as if Rohingya are burning their own houses.
Ireland can no longer wait. This great country experienced the worst in the past when a million men, women, young boys and girls lost their lives in one of the largest tragedies in the history of humanity, partly resulted in disorganization of the ruling at the time and “too little too late” in response.
Ireland can no longer accept the excuses the world’s leaders and the Burmese government. Definitely not from Aung San Suu Kyi, who was given “cead mile failte” – “a hundred thousand welcomes” when she made her visit to this great city on June 18, 2012. She was also given the most prestigious award of the city, “the Freedom of the City of Dublin”.
The scorched earth strategy was masterminded by Dictator General Ne Win in 1963, who was inspired by Japan’s “THREE ALLs” (‘Kill all, Burn all and Loot all’) tactics.
It was called “SWEEPING” an area “suspected villagers and burning their villages”.
The Four Cuts is intended to cut off food, funds, intelligence and recruits to ethnic insurgencies. Often referred as “NO MAN’S LAND” policy in 1990s, it is now directly commanded by the office of commander-in-chief Senior General Min Aung Hlaing. Read More
The clashes between Rohingya insurgents at a number of Burmese police posts in Maungdaw, Buthidaung and Rathedaung townships on August 25, 2017, are followed by month-long provocations from Burmese Military and Rakhine Extremists.
These offensive and provocative acts are believed to be strategic moves towards militarisation by the military intelligence, with an aim to create further fears and chaos among the communities living in the northern Rakhine State.
These provocations–expanded upon below– are a calculated attempt to undermine the recommendations made by Kofi Annan’s Advisory Commission, which officially submitted the final report to Aung San Suu Kyi led National League for Democracy NLD government on Friday, August 25. Read More
The Invasion and annexation of Arakan by the Burmese King Bodaw Hpaya. 28 December 1784
Bridgadier - Aung Gyi
“After the Mujahideen surrendered, (the) Rohingya leaders asked us not to call the Rohingya “Khaw Taw”, nor “Bengali”, nor Chittagonian Kalar (niggers), nor “Rakhine Muslims”. Instead they said their preferred and self-referential ethnic name was the Arabic word Rohingya....” Brigadier Aung Gyi Vice Chief of Staff of Burma Armed Forces Maungdaw, Myanmar 15 November 1951
Prime Minister - U Nu
“Rohingya are one ethnic people living within the Union of Burma.” U Nu The First Prime Minister of Burma National Radio Address 25 September 1954
Prime Minister - U Ba Swe
“The Rohingya has the equal status of nationality with Kachin, Kayah, Karen, Mon, Rakhine and Shan.” U Ba Swe The Second Prime Minister and minister of Defence of Burma 4 November 1959
Rohingya Student Association “Rangoon University”
“This is to certify that ‘Rohingya University Rohingya Student Association’ is one of the registered association of the University of Rangoon for the Academic year of 1959-60.” Dean of Students Rangoon University 3 December 1959
Rohingya Language Programme
The country’s sole national broadcasting station, namely Burma Broadcasting Service (BBS), began its Rohingya Language Programme alongside other indigenous language services on 15 May 1961.
“Of the 400,000 to 500,000 inhabitants of Mayu Border District 75% are Rohingya ethnic people who are Muslims. The rest are made up of Rakhine, Dai Nat, Myo, and Kamee. Generally agriculture and fishing are their main economic activities.” Myanmar Encyclopedia Volume 9, p. 90 Government Printing House, Rangoon 26 December 1964
The King Dragon Operation
Burma's dictator General Ne Win launched King Dragon Operation against the Rohingya people in Rakhine State under the pretext of immigration check. It was the first centrally directed campaign of terror against the Rohingya with local Rakhine participation, which resulted in the exodus of estimated 230,000 fleeing into Bangladesh. Far Eastern Economic Review and other news outlets cried foul of General Ne Win's attacks on the native Rohingya, calling them “Burma's Brand of Apartheid”, crimes against humanity, and ethnic cleansing as early as 1978. 6 February 1978
1982 Citizenship Act Drafting Day
The inaugural Meeting of the Drafting Committee of the 1982 Citizenship Act took place at the residence of Dictator General Ne Win with Ne Win himself in the chair. The law primarily targets the Rohingya, without the specific mention of the word Rohingya, targeted and stripped them of their full citizenship Rights. 8 October 1982
Dictator - Ne Win
"We are aware of their (the foreigners, namely Kala and Tayoke) penchant for making money by all means, and knowing this, how could we trust them in our organizations that decide the destiny of our country. We will therefore not give them full citizenships, or full rights." Ex-General & Dictator Ne Win Ahlone Presidential Residence, Rangoon Chairman, Burma Socialist Programme Party 8 October 1982
Historian - Gordon H. Luce
“The Rohingya are a fine type of devout and scholarly-minded Muslims.” Gordon H. Luce Father of pre-colonial historical studies of Burma PHASES OF PRE-PAGAN BURMA: LANGUAGES AND HISTORY Volume. I, Oxford University Press, 26 December 1985, (Pages X and 95)
The Operation Clean Nation
The Pyi Thaya (Clean Nation) Operation in 1991 expelled more than 250,000 Rohingya to the neighbouring county, Bangladesh, with mass arrests, summary killings, rapes, forced labours, destruction of houses, religious buildings and properties, and land confiscations. 27 December, 1991
Historian - Dr. Than Tun
"In the stone inscription from AD 1442, the kings were found to bear Muslim names. There is a very high probability that the people who lived in the Mayu region (to the east of Naaf River and to the west of Kaladan) were the Rohinjas." The late Dr Than Tun Kalya Magazine, Rangoon Professor of History at Mandalay University and World's Authority on ancient Burma 28 August, 1994, p. 27.
President - Barack Obama
“For too long, the people of this state (Rakhine or Arakan), including ethnic Rakhine, have faced crushing poverty and persecution. But there is no excuse for violence against innocent people. And the Rohingya hold themselves -- hold within themselves the same dignity as you do, and I do.” Barack Obama US President University of Yangon, Myanmar 19 November 2012
On 12 July 2013, President Thein Sein abolished NaSaKa (the Border Security Force). Known for its notorious and abusive nature towards Rohingya in Rakhine State, NaSaKa was created in 1992 with more than 1200 immigration, intelligent and custom officers who constantly targeted Rohingyas’ freedom of movement, with harassments, arrests, tortures, arbitrary taxation and properties confiscations. 12 July 2013
Former President - Thein Sein
“We do not have a people called Rohingya.” Former Myanmar President Thein Sein Union Solidarity & Development Party Chatham House, London, UK 15 July 2013
House Speaker - Rt Hon. John Bercow
“I call upon the Government, and Parliament, urgently to review and revise the 1982 Citizenship Law, to bring it in line with international human rights norms. I call for a genuinely independent analysis of the Rohingya people’s history in Burma, so that misunderstandings can be corrected, misinformation countered and prejudices addressed...” Rt Hon. John Bercow Speaker of the British House of Commons University of Yangon, Myanmar 1 August 2013 "The Rohingya regard it as deeply offensive to be called 'Bengalis' which they regard it as basically we are saying 'We don't want you here. Get out!'...." Q and A with Rt. Hon. John Bercow at 5 minutes, at www.MaungZarni.net
State-counsellor - Daw Aung San Suu Kyi
“No, no, it’s not ethnic cleansing. It’s a new problem.” Daw Aung San Suu Kyi BBC Radio Four NLD Leader & Nobel Peace Laureate (1991) 24 October 2013
Mass killings of Rohingya in Duchiradan (Kilaidaung), Southern Maungdaw, Rakhine State, Myanmar. 28 January 2014
Philosopher & Economist - Amartya Sen
"The term "slow genocide" is an appropriate t here because you deny people health care and nutritional opportunities. You deny people opportunities to work and earn an income and make a living to feed themselves and their family members. You deny people having medical care and expel the only organization(s) providing health care like Medicine San Frontiers, and don' t allow them to return.That is killing people. And in that sense it is a genocide. I t is a slow genocide. It's not like Rwanda. It's not like Khmer Rouge's Cambodia. It's not even like what exactly happened in Nazi Germany.... It is institutionalized killing." Amartya Sen Harvard University Nobel Laureate in Economics 4 November 2014
UN Secretary General - Ban Ki-moon
“The affected population - referred to as Bengalis by the government of Myanmar but known as Rohingya in the United Nations and in much of the international community - the United Nations uses that word based on the rights of minorities. I also urge the authorities to avoid measures that could entrench the current segregation between communities....” Ban Ki-moon UN Secretary General Nayphidaw, Myanmar 12 November 2014
Bishop- Desmond Tutu
"The government of Myanmar has sought to absolve itself of responsibility for the conflict between the Rakhine and the Rohingya, projecting it as sectarian or communal violence. I would be more inclined to heed the warnings of eminent scholars and researchers including Amartya Sen, the Nobel laureate in economics, who say this is a deliberately false narrative to camouflage the slow genocide being committed against the Rohingya people." Desmond Tutu Former Archbishop of Cape Town and Nobel Peace Laureate Oslo conference on the Rohingya Norwegian Nobel Institute 26 May 2015
Holocaust Survivor - George Soros
“In Aung Mingalar, I heard the echoes of my childhood. You see, in 1944, as a Jew in Budapest, I too was a Rohingya. Much like the Jewish ghettos set up by Nazis around Eastern Europe during World War II, Aung Mingalar has become the involuntary home to thousands of families who once had access to health care, education and employment. Now, they are forced to remain segregated in a state of abject deprivation. The parallels to the Nazi genocide are alarming.” George Soros Oslo Conference on the Rohingya Norwegian Nobel Institute 26 May 2015
7 Nobel Laureates
“What Rohingyas are facing is a textbook case of genocide in which an entire indigenous community is being systematically wiped out by the Burmese government.” 7 Nobel Peace Laureates Oslo, Norway Adolfo Pérez Esquivel Desmond Tutu Mairead Maguire Jody Williams Tawakkol Karman Shirin Ibadi Leymah Ghowee Oslo Conference on the Rohingya 28 May 2015
State-counsellor - Daw Aung San Suu Kyi
“It is very important that we should not exaggerate the problems (of the Rohingya as genocide).... Some of them are from Bangladesh." Daw Aung San Suu Kyi 54 University Avenue, Rangoon Pre-election Press Conference 5 November 2015
General - Min Aung Hlaing
"We do not allow the word Rohingya. They are Bengalis. These people are not our ethnics. They are not our nationalities. They are from Bangladesh." Senior General Min Aung Hlaing Washington Post Interview Commander-in-Chief of Myanmar Tatmadaw 23 November 2015
Geography of Myanmar - First Year Textbook
“In northern Rakhine State close to the border with Bangladesh at Buthedaung and Maungdaw townships are where the Rohingyas and Chittagarians lives. These minority ethnic groups had settled in the border regions since early days.” Ministry of Education, Department of Higher Education Yangon University of Distance Education Geography of Myanmar Module No. Geog. 1004 Code No. (14) B
The anti-Rohingya racists launched a premeditated campaign of direct killings of the Rohingya after 10 Muslim pilgrims from central Myanmar were hacked to death in Taung Goke town by an organized mob on 3 June 2012. 8 June 2012
Rohingya Language Programme Cancellation
General Ne Win’s Revolutionary Council regime ended Rohingya Language Programme on Burma Broadcasting Services (BBS) on 1 October 1965 after broadcasting more than 4 years.
Historian - Dr. Francis Buchanan
“I shall now add three dialects, spoken in the Burma empire, but evidently derived from the language of the Hindu nation. The first is that spoken by the Mohammedans,who have been long settled in Arakan, and who call themselves Rooinga, or natives of Arakan.” Dr. Francis Buchanan, 1799 A Comparative Vocabulary of Some of the Languages Spoken in the Burma Empire, p. 237
The Union Citizenship Act 1948
Rohingya became the citizens of Burma under the then-Union Citizenship Act of 1948. 1 August 1953
Myanmar’s First General Election
Rohingya participated in the first ever general election held shortly after the separation from British India Raj. 4 April 1947